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《社会政策通讯》第8期

来源:   2013-06-15 02:13:11
  

控制与支持:国家与社会间的两种独立关系研究——中国农村社会里的情形     陶传进
       本文通过理论分析与实证资料表明,在国家与社会之间的权力控制关系之外,还存在着国家使用公共权力对社会的支持与帮助,并且,支持性关系构成了国家与社会之间的一个独立的关系维度,而不能简化为权力控制的维度。本文称之为国家与社会之间的“双轴”关系。
      “双轴”关系是相对于公民社会经典理论中的单轴关系而提出的,后者强调国家与社会之间的权力控制中的此消彼长的零和博弈关系;双轴关系并不等同于简单地提出国家与社会之间可以存在着建设性的关系,而是重在分出两重关系所构成的格局,认为支持可以独立于控制而单独地发挥作用。

 

中国农村扶贫的政策效应分析——基于能力贫困理论的考察     方黎明 张秀兰
       中国农村制度化扶贫是一种开发式扶贫战略,其政策效应日益削弱:农村绝对贫困人口更为分散;相当数量的真正贫困人口没有能力从扶贫项目中受益;现行的扶贫策略也难以有效针对疾病、教育等致贫风险。现阶段中国扶贫政策在收入救助的同时,更应该注重提高贫困风险人群应对贫困风险的能力。

 

Estimates of Risk Factors for Adult Chronic Diseases in a Poor Urban Area in Western China     王东明
        Based on longitudinal random survey data, the aim of this paper is to estimate the prevalence rate of chronic diseases in Lanzhou city, China and to analyze the predictive impact associated with ameliorating some risk factors to chronic diseases. We compared results from two questions related to chronic disease status in our questionnaires, and employed Probit models to estimate prevalence and predictive impacts. The main results are: (1) the prevalence rate of chronic disease is 15.73% for males, and 22.06% for females, overall 19.03% in urban Lanzhou city; (2) with one year increases in age, the probability of having a chronic disease increases by 0.0015 for males and by 0.0034 for females; (3) for males, former smokers are 4.7% more likely to have a chronic disease than never smokers; (4) the affordability of medical services has a significant impact on the chronic disease status for females, but has no impact for males. With the affordability difficulty of medical services solved, the prevalence rate of chronic disease will reduce to 21.52% for females.

 

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