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《社会政策通讯》第12期

来源:   2013-06-15 02:15:43
   融危机对劳动密集产业发展影响及政策作用分析     田明 张秀兰 王玉安 高晓霞 刘钰 祝贺  
      摘要:本研究基于 2009年 8 月份对深圳和温州电子、玩具、家具、纺织四个行业 55家劳动密集型出口企业的调查,在总结危机对企业造成影响的特点基础上,分析了企业应对危机的具体策略和方法及行业结构、竞争格局体现出的新现象。最后,文章对中央和地方政府在应对危机的政策及其局限性,以及行业协会在危机中的作用及其局限性进行了分析。 
      关键词:金融危机 企业 政策 


An Analysis on Development Trends of Labor Intensive Industries and Function of Public Policy under Financial Crisis
  
Abstract: The survey is conducted among 55 companies from four different industries including toy manufacturing, textile, electronic manufacturing, and furniture manufacturing in Shenzhen and Wenzhou in financial crisis. These companies are all labor intensive and export orientation. This paper illustrates how the financial crisis impacts on their production and how to response the crisis. This paper is focus the point on industrial development trends under the crisis attach and companies' crisis reflection.
 
Key Words: Financial Crisis, Company, Coping Strategy

 

 

金融危机对不同类型劳动力影响的差异性及其应对策略 田明 张秀兰 刘钰 高晓霞 祝贺 王玉安 
      摘要:本研究基于深圳和温州两市,玩具、纺织、电子、家具等四个行业,共 439 名感受到了金融危机对自身有影响的工人的问卷,分析了不同性别、不同行业(4个行业)、不同受教育水平、不同来源地的工人在工作时间和收入等方面受影响程度的差异,并对正规就业农民工和非正规就业农民工应对金融危机的方法进行了比较。研究发现对出口依赖越大的行业的劳动力、男性劳动力、外地劳动力受到的影响更严重,而教育程度高的劳动力在收入受影响明显,相反教育程度低的劳动力在工作时间上受影响明显。减少日常开支和减少家乡汇款是受影响员工应对危机最主要的策略,但非正规就业以减少日常开支为主,而正规就业减少家乡汇款十分普遍。 
      关键词:金融危机  劳动力  应对策略 
 
The Difference of Impact of Financial Crisis on Workers and Their Individual Coping Strategies 
Abstract: The survey is conducted among 439 workers from four different industries including toy manufacturing textile, electronic manufacturing, and furniture manufacturing in Shenzhen and Wenzhou, who were influenced by  the financial crisis with the experience of being  laid-off. This paper illustrates how the financial crisis impacts on their individual working time and income by comparing  different  variables,  such  as  gender,  industries,  educational  level,  and  original hometown. This paper also compares the coping strategies and characteristics of formal employed and informal employed working labors.
 
Key words: Financial Crisis, Labor, Coping Strategy  

 

 

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